BILDAGENTUR-ONLINE / TH FOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY BILDAGENTUR-ONLINE / TH FOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Ancient Greek warriors, 19th-century artwork. These are hoplites, the term for citizen-soldiers from Ancient Greece. The city states of Ancient Greece (such as Sparta and Athens) based their armies on male citizens undertaking several years of military service. This system dates to the archaic period (8th to 5th centuries BC). Hoplites provided their own armour and weapons, with the two at left having plumed helmets and bronze breastplates. One has leg greaves and a spear (dory), the other a xiphos (short sword). The round shields are hoplons. The other warrior is more lightly armoured. This woodcut dates from 1880.
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