SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Aleksander Borodin. Portrait of the Russian chemist, musician and composer Aleksander Porfiyevich Borodin (1833-1887), by Russian painter Konstantin Makovsky. From 1864 Borodin held a professorship in the Russian Academy. His work was mainly in organic chemistry, where he devised methods for fluorinating organic compounds and worked on reactions of aldehydes. He showed that both polymerisation and condensation of aldehydes occurs, and in this way made aldol and, from it, crotonaldehyde. His method for analysing urea was long used by biochemists. He is also well known as a composer, notably of the heroic opera Prince Igor, and of many songs.
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