SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Aleksey Krylov (1863-1945). Portrait of the Soviet-Russian mathematician, engineer, and naval architect Aleksey Nikolaevich Krylov. Krylov is known for his numerous pioneering theories that helped to advance ship building. His pioneering 'Theory of oscillating motions of the ship', significantly extended William Froude's rolling theory. In 1898 Krylov received a Gold Medal from the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, the first time the prize was awarded to a foreigner. He also created a theory of damping of ship rolling and pitching, and the was first to propose gyroscopic damping, which is now the most common way of damping the roll. In 1917 he became CEO of 'Russian society for shipbuilding and trade'.
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