SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Soviet physicists. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa (1894-1984, right) and Lev Artsimovich (1909-1973, left) in the back of a car. Artsimovich worked in the fields of nuclear fusion and plasma physics. He helped develop the first tokamak, a type of nuclear fusion reactor. Kapitsa worked in England until 1934 when, on a visit back to the USSR, he was detained and his passport taken away. He was forced instead to work in the USSR with state funding. In 1946, after refusing to work on the Soviet hydrogen bomb project, he was exiled to the countryside. After Stalin's death in 1953, he resumed his career. He shared the 1978 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on low-temperature physics.
Model release not available. Property release not available.