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Dead Sea scroll fragment. These scrolls, found in caves between 1947 and 1979 on the north-western shore of the Dead Sea, include some of the earliest surviving biblical documents. This fragment is known as the 'War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness', the War Rule, or 4Q491. It is a military text that is written in Herodian script (the language used at the time of King Herod) and dates to the early 1st century AD. It describes an apocalyptic prophecy, stating that war would occur between the Sons of Light (the Jewish army) and the Sons of Darkness (the troops of the Kittim of Assyria). Matson Photo Service image.
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