ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Planetary spheres. This is plate 3 from the 1708 edition of the star atlas 'Harmonica Macrocosmica' by the Dutch-German mathematician and cosmographer Andreas Cellarius (1596-1665). It shows a geocentric system, with spheres surrounding the Earth showing the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. The inset diagrams show the Ptolemaic system (lower left) and Tychonic system (lower right). First published in 1660, 'Harmonica Macrocosmica' had 30 colour plates with Latin text. This edition was published in Amsterdam by Petrus Schenk and Gerard Valk.
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