ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Copernican worldview. This is plate 5 from the 1708 edition of the star atlas 'Harmonica Macrocosmica' by the Dutch-German mathematician and cosmographer Andreas Cellarius (1596-1665). It shows the Sun-centred (heliocentric) worldview of Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543, lower right). Circling the Sun are Mercury, Venus, Earth (with the Moon and Earth phases), Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the zodiac. First published in 1660, 'Harmonica Macrocosmica' had 30 colour plates with Latin text. This edition was published in Amsterdam by Petrus Schenk and Gerard Valk.
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