ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Gill in Cape Observatory study. Scottish astronomer David Gill (1843-1914, centre) in his study at the Cape Observatory, South Africa. Gill was appointed Her Majesty's Astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope in 1879, serving in this post until his retirement in 1906. Work carried out here included equipping the observatory with improved equipment, and measuring the parallax of nearby stars and planets. He improved the use of the heliometer, and pioneered astrophotography. He also worked on star atlases, including 'Cape Photographic Durchmusterung' and 'Carte du Ciel'. He also worked on geodetic meridian surveys.
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