PR. J. BERNARD / CNRI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PR. J. BERNARD / CNRI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Pernicious anaemia. Light micrograph of megaloblast blood cells from bone marrow in a case of pernicious anaemia, also known as Biermer's anaemia. A megaloblast is an enlarged erythroblast, the immediate precursor to a mature red blood cell. Pernicious anaemia is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12 or folic acid due to the intestine being unable to absorb these substances. Compared to a normal blood smear, the number of red blood cells is severely reduced and those that are present are enlarged or deformed. Symptoms of the condition include tiredness and lowered immunity.
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