GUNILLA ELAM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GUNILLA ELAM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Antibodies and viruses. Computer artwork showing antibody, or immunoglobulin, molecules (blue) surrounding virus particles (virions, yellow). The y-shaped antibodies have two arms that can bind to specific antigens, for instance viral proteins. In doing this they mark the antigen for destruction by phagocytes, white blood cells that ingest and destroy foreign bodies. Antibodies can also kill some pathogens directly and can neutralise toxins.
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