D & L GRAPHICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY D & L GRAPHICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Thorascopic surgery. Artwork of an overhead view of surgeons carrying out video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). This is a form of keyhole (minimally invasive) endoscopic surgery, with fibre optic video cameras and surgical instruments inserted into the patient's chest (thorax). The access points (coloured dots) are called ports. This type of surgery is less traumatic than opening up the chest and rib-cage. The five coloured dots represent the camera (blue, 7th or 8th intercostal space), and instruments on the ventral (red, 5th or 6th intercostal space) and dorsal side (yellow, below scapula). Utility incisions (green) are made at the level of the lung hilum.
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