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Persepolis bas-relief. Persepolis. Located in modern-day Iran, this city was built as a ceremonial capital for the Persian Achaemenid emperor Darius I (reigned from 522-486 BC). It was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330 BC. Darius is depicted on his throne held aloft by throne-bearers. At top is the Zoroastrian winged disc 'faravahar' symbol, thought to represent divine authority or a guardian angel. Artwork from 'Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, and ancient Babylonia', an account of journeys in the region from 1817 to 1820 by British artist and diplomat Robert Ker Porter (1777-1842).
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