GIPHOTOSTOCK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GIPHOTOSTOCK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
White LED. A light-emitting diode (LED) is based on a forward-biased heterojunction and emits narrow-band radiation whose wavelength is determined by the bandgap of the semiconductor material. White LEDs are typically based on blue LEDs (InGaN, indium gallium nitride) coated with doped YAG (yttrium aluminium garnet) crystals which act as a phosphor, down-converting part of the blue radiation to a broad spectrum centered in the yellow. The resulting spectral mix has the appearance of white light to the human eye. The price point for high-power white LEDs is approaching consumer levels. They are beginning to be used for lighting and illumination applications (called solid-state lighting). Compared to conventional light bulbs, LEDs are much more efficient,.
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