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Marconi with his radio, 19th-century artwork. Italian physicist and inventor Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) had developed his first radio equipment by the age of 21. He patented his radio system in Britain and established the Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company in London in 1897. In 1899 he made the first transmission across the English Channel and, in 1901, the first trans-Atlantic transmission. In 1909 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. He later developed short-wave radio and established a global radio telegraph network. The apparatus shown here consists of a receiver and a transmitter. This wood engraving dates from circa 1897.
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