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Belcher Arctic expedition. Belcher Arctic expedition (1850-1854) sent to the Canadian Arctic's North-West Passage to find the lost Franklin expedition. Edward Belcher led five British Navy ships, with four abandoned in pack ice. The two shown trapped in ice here are HMS Resolute and HMS Intrepid in the winter of 1853-4, at Melville Sound. The temperature reached minus 49 degrees Celsius. The crew eventually abandoned their ships and were rescued by other ships. The Resolute later drifted free and was recovered. Artwork by George Frederick Mecham, a commander on the Resolute.
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