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Enema syringe, manufactured by Arnold and Sons. Pictured in its wooden case, this device is made in England from brass and pewter, it dates from around the year 1860. The enema is a medical procedure whereby fluid is introduced to the rectum and colon via the anus. The expansion of the lower intestinal tract brought about by this fluid prompts its evacuation. The use of enema procedures dates back to ancient Egypt (circa 1500 B.C.) and has been used therapeutically throughout history for conditions such as fever and constipation. The plunger would be used to force liquid (usually water) out of the brass cylinder, through the nozzle, and into the anus.
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