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Nineteenth century enema and stomach pump made from wood, metal, and rubber (in a wooden case). An enema is a syringe-like device used to evacuate the lower intestinal tract through introducing fluids to the rectum and colon via the anus. Stomach pumps are a means of evacuating the contents of the stomach. Volumes of fluid are administered and removed from the stomach through a rubber tube, via the mouth (or nose). Such techniques for cleansing the gastrointestinal tract have been used throughout history; the stomach pump was first invented in the eighteenth century but enema procedures were practiced as far back as 1500 B.C., having been documented in ancient Egyptian medical texts. This apparatus is English and dates from around 1870.
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