PLANETARY VISIONS / NASA-JPL / NOAA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PLANETARY VISIONS / NASA-JPL / NOAA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Super typhoon Haiyan. Computer-generated cut-away image of super typhoon Haiyan over the Philippine Sea on 7th November 2013, showing wind speed and direction. Surface wind speeds were measured by the radar scatterometer on the Indian Space Research Organisation's Oceansat-2 satellite. The red area shows where winds are moving at over 190 kilometres per hour. The Category 5 storm, with wind speeds up to 314 kilometres per hour, may be the strongest tropical cyclone ever to make landfall. It devastated large areas of the Philippines, particularly Samar Island and Leyte, affecting 9 million people. Over 5,500 people were killed and more than 12,000 injured. Based on data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument on NASA's Aqua satellite (infrared data used to determine cloud height), with night-time imagery from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on NASA/NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite.
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