SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
First Moon probe. Soviet scientist listening for radio transmissions from Luna 2, the first space probe to reach the Moon, on 13 September 1959. Luna 2 was launched on 12 September. It carried a variety of instruments to study the space environment near to and far from Earth before impacting the lunar surface on 14 September. Luna 2 was vaporised in the impact, but had previously released a variety of spherical markers designed to survive hitting the surface.
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