EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Gertrude Goldhaber (1911-1998, nee Scharff), German-US physicist. She left her native Germany in 1935, and worked at Imperial College, London, UK, until 1939. She then moved to the University of Illinois, USA. In 1942, she discovered that uranium emitted neutrons during fission. The US government deemed the work classified, so it was not published until 1946. With her husband Maurice she showed that beta radiation was made up of electrons. She was elected Fellow of the American Physical Society (1947), and member of the National Academy of Sciences (1972). Photographed on 13 February 1998.
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