NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
French obstetricians. Group portrait of students and colleagues of the French obstetrician stephane Tarnier (1828-1897, second from left in back row). Tarnier pioneered the care of premature infants and designed the first incubator. Also seen are Pierre Auvard (1855-1941, far left of back row), who modified the incubator and Adolphe Pinard (1844-1934, far right of back row), who invented the Pinard horn for listening to the foetal heartbeat.
Model release not available. Property release not required.