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NASA EARTH OBSERVATORY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NASA EARTH OBSERVATORY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Deforestation in the Amazon. Satellite image of the northwest of the state of Rondonia in Brazil, showing areas of deforestation (light green and brown). Between 1970 and 2003 over 67,700 square kilometres of forest were lost. Since 2000 the rate of loss per year has increased. Deforestation is normally undertaken to create grazing areas for cattle. The removal of trees leaves soil exposed to rapid erosion by water, leading to the removal of valuable top soil. Image taken by the moderate resolution imaging sprectoradiometer (MODIS) NASA's Terra satellite on 21st July 2003.
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