SOVEREIGN / ISM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SOVEREIGN / ISM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Liver cirrhosis. Axial computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen of a patient with cirrhosis of the liver (grey area, upper part of image). Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver as a result of long-term liver damage. This can be caused by alcohol abuse or liver disease such as viral hepatitis, as in this case. Cirrhosis progresses slowly and often does not cause symptoms until it is advanced and liver failure sets in. Symptoms include tiredness, oedema (fluid build-up in the body), weight loss, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin). Cirrhosis cannot be reversed. Treatment is by stopping the progression of the disease, or by carrying out a liver transplant.
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