NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Jules Bordet (1870-1961), Belgian bacteriologist. With Octave Gengou, Bordet found that antibodies fight disease in conjunction with another component in blood. He named the component alexin but it is now known as complement. He also found that complement was destroyed when heated above 55 Celsius & this is the basis of the complement-fixation test for antibodies. In 1901 he founded a Pasteur Institute in Brussels. In 1906 he discovered the bacterium, Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough. He won the 1919 Nobel prize in Physiology or medicine for his discoveries in immunity.
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