NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Dr Robert Gallo, of the U.S. National Institute of Health. Gallo was the leader of one of the research teams that first isolated the causative agent of AIDS in early 1984. Gallo designated the agent, a retrovirus, HTLV-111 (human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type 3). The same virus had been independently isolated in 1983 by a French team from the Pasteur Institute in Paris, led by Prof. Luc Montagnier, who called the virus LAV (lymphodenopathy-associated virus). It has since been designated HIV for Human Immuno-deficiency Virus.
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