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Jean-Baptiste Marchand (1863-1934), French explorer and military officer (rank of captain). Marchand, with 20 French soldiers and 130 French Senegalese troops, arrived in West Africa in August 1896. They travelled across the continent and reached Djibouti in May 1899. Their arrival on the Nile in July 1898 had triggered the Fashoda Incident, nearly causing war to break out between Britain and France over their imperial ambitions. Marchand served as a general in World War I, and was awarded the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour in 1920. Artwork from the 21st volume (first period of 1898) of the French popular science weekly 'La Science Illustree'.
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