SPENCER COLLECTION / NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPENCER COLLECTION / NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Persian map of the world, after Ptolemy, 13th century. This map, based on the world map produced by Greek astronomer Ptolemy in around 150 AD, is from a manuscript by Persian astronomer and geographer Zakariya al-Qazwini. It dates from between 1220 and 1283, and is thought to have been created in Shiraz (in modern-day Iran). The map (bottom) is annotated with Persian text. It depicts the Islamic world, centred upon the Indian Ocean, with North at top and the Mediterranean Sea at left. This page is from al-Qazwini's work 'Aja'ib al-makhluqat va ghara'ib al-mawjudat' ('Marvels of creatures and strange things existing').
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