CCI ARCHIVES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY CCI ARCHIVES / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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George Stephenson, 1847 engraving by John Seymour Lucas, of the British engineer George Stephenson. Stephenson is known as the father of British railways. He taught himself engineering and in 1811 he modified a steam engine to be used for pumping water out of a mine. He built many more mine engines before completing his first steam locomotive ('Blucher') in 1814. In 1825, his 'Locomotion' provided a passenger service from Stockton to Darlington at a speed of 24 kilometres per hour. At left is the locomotive 'Rocket' (1829), built by his son Robert (1803-1859) that famously won the Rainhill Trials (1829) for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. Image from Histoire de la locomotion terrestre, by Charles Dollfus and Edgar de Geoffroy, France,.
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