50.1 MB (7.7 MB compressed)
4711 x 3719 pixels
39.9 x 31.5 cm ⏐ 15.7 x 12.4 in (300dpi)
KALLISTA IMAGES / CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY KALLISTA IMAGES / CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Molecular model of diazepam. Atoms are represented as spheres and are colour-coded: carbon (turquoise), hydrogen (white), nitrogen (blue), oxygen (red) and chlorine (green). Diazepam was first marketed as valium. It is a type of benzodiazepine, is a tranquilliser used for the short-term relief of moderate anxiety. It can also relieve symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal and muscle spasms, and its anti-convulsant properties means it can control epilepsy. Side-effects include loss of muscle coordination (ataxia), involuntary movements of the eyes (nystagmus) and sedation. Valium may cause dependence in users, even in therapeutic doses.
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