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Gaston Tissandier (1843-1899), French chemist, meteorologist, aviator and editor. On 15 April 1875, Tissandier reached an altitude of 8600 metres in the 'Zenith' balloon with Joseph Croce-Spinelli and Theodore Sivel. Lack of oxygen killed his companions. Tissandier survived but became deaf. Other exploits include escaping the Siege of Paris by balloon in 1870. In 1873 he founded the weekly scientific magazine 'La Nature'. His books include 'Les Martyrs de la science' (1879). Artwork from 'Aerostation - Aviation' (1911) by French civil engineer Max de Nansouty (1854-1913), part of the 'Les merveilles de la science' series of 1867-1891 by Louis Figuier.
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