NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Islamic map of the world. Islamic scholar al-Qazwini in his work known as 'The Cosmography' or 'The Wonders of Creation'. Produced in what is now Iran or Iraq, this was one of the outstanding natural history texts of the medieval Islamic world. The geography is based on that of Ptolemy and traditional Middle Eastern sources. The world is shown divided into three parts: Asia, Europe and Africa. There are seven seas, including the world-circling 'Ocean'. Bodies of water mentioned here include the Tigris, Euphrates and Nile rivers and the Mediterranean and Caspian seas.
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