EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Swiss-German physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955, left) with Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz (1853-1928, centre) and British astronomer Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882-1944, right). Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on the photoelectric effect. However, he is best known for his paper on the special theory of relativity, which resulted in the famous equation E=mc2. Eddington is most famous for directing the 1919 solar eclipse expedition, the results of which confirmed the increased bending of starlight by the Sun as predicted in Einstein's theory of general relativity. His writings introduced Einstein's ideas to the English-speaking world. Lorentz's early work was on the concept of the electron, a term he coined in 1899.
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