EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY EMILIO SEGRE VISUAL ARCHIVES / AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
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Swiss-German physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955, right) with Polish-French physicist Marie Curie (1867-1934, left). Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on the photoelectric effect. However, he is best known for his paper on the special theory of relativity, which resulted in the famous equation E=mc2. Together with her husband Pierre, Marie isolated the radioactive elements polonium and radium in 1898. She won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this work and had previously been awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics (with Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel) for work on radioactivity. She did not take any precautions against the unknown dangers of ionising radiation, and this probably caused her death from leukaemia.
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