DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Stoma in congenital bladder exstrophy. Close-up of a stoma in the abdominal wall of a 48-year-old female patient with congenital bladder exstrophy. This stoma is part of an Indiana pouch, a surgically created diversion in the urinary tract used for the elimination or urine in patients who have had their urinary bladder removed. Bladder exstrophy is characterised by protrusion of the urinary bladder through a defect in the abdominal wall. It often also includes abnormalities of the bony pelvis, pelvic floor and genitalia.
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