LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Map of Lima. Lima, Peru. The inscription at lower left refers to the founding of the city by the Spanish in 1535 and refers to Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor (Charles I of Spain). It was founded in the Rimac valley as 'Ciudad de los Reyes' (City of the Kings) following the conquest of the Incas by Francisco Pizarro. The Rimac River runs across upper centre. The map title (in Castilian Spanish) is: 'Planta de la muy yllustre ciudad de los reyes corte del reino del Peru'. The map dates from 1674 (before the Walls of Lima were built between 1684 and 1687), and was drawn for the merchant Bernardo Clemente Principe.
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