LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Chart of the Mediterranean. Mediterranean coast and the coast of Portugal and north-west Africa. This is from a portolan atlas (a collection of navigational charts). It was produced either by Italian cartographer Giovanni Battista Cavallini (active 1630-1669), or his son Pietro, or by his workshop. This chart includes 16 wind roses and numerous illustrations including Islamic flags over cities in North Africa and the Middle East, and a depiction of the crucifixion to represent the Holy Land. The lines on the map are rhumb lines, designed to make it easier to steer a straight course. The map dates from 1678 (publication details at left).
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