LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Bronze Menat cultic object depicting the Egyptian Goddess Hathor, Egypt, probably Ptolemaic Period (332 - 30 BC). Hathor is an Ancient Egyptian goddess who personified the principles of joy, feminine love, and motherhood. She was one of the most important and popular deities throughout the history of Ancient Egypt. Hathor was worshiped by Royalty and common people alike in whose tombs she is depicted as Mistress of the West welcoming the dead into the next life. In other roles she was a goddess of music, dance, foreign lands and fertility who helped women in childbirth, as well as the patron goddess of miners. Hathor is commonly depicted as a cow goddess with head horns in which is set a sun disk with Uraeus. The Ancient Greeks identified Hathor with the goddess Aphrodite and the Romans as Venus. The necklace was meant to ensure good luck and fortune and to protect against evil spirits. It was also worn for protection in the afterlife and is.
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