MONICA SCHROEDER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MONICA SCHROEDER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Illustration of a cirrhotic liver. Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function. Generally, the condition cannot be reversed. Treatment focuses on stopping or delaying further progression and reducing complications. In severe cases, liver transplantation is necessary.
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