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Space Shuttle prototype testing. Prototype Space Shuttle Enterprise landing at Dryden Flight Research Center, California, USA. This is the conclusion of its fifth and final free-flight flight test after release from its 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA). The crew of two were astronauts Fred Haise and Gordon Fullerton. This test flight identified a phenomenon called pilot-induced oscillation. This caused the vehicle to begin to porpoise down the runway and bounce from one main landing gear to the other, before being brought under control and finally landed by the crew. This test was part of the Shuttle's Approach and Landing Tests (ALT) program, preparing for the first space mission with the Space Shuttle Columbia in April 1981. The Space Shuttles flew 135 missions into low Earth orbit between 1981 and 2011. Footage filmed on 26 October 1977.
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