LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Mexico City. Mexico City-Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. This city was built on an island in the centre of Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico. The city was connected to the surrounding areas by several causeways. It was conquered by the Spanish (led by Cortes) in 1521. The areas around the city are named in the labels, with Iztapalapa at right. The area of Tacuba ('Atacuba') is labelled at top left. The area of Tesgua is labelled at lower left. A sacrificial temple is at centre. This map and the German text are from 'Cosmographia Universalis' (1597) by German cartographer Sebastian Munster (1489-1552).
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