DAVID PARKER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DAVID PARKER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Alexander III of Macedon 356-323 BC, commonly know as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the nature of the ancient world in little more than a decade. Against overwhelming odds, he led his armies to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without suffering a single defeat. His greatest victory was at the battle of Gaugamela, in what is now Northern Iraq, in 331 BC. The young King of Macedonia, leader of the Greeks, overlord of Asia Minor and Pharoah of Egypt became 'Great King' of Persia at the age of 25. The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far to the east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce. He died of a fever in Babylon in June 323 BC. During his youth, Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16.
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