SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
BC) The Greek physician Hippocrates refusing to accept gifts offered by Artaxerxes, king of the Persians and enemy of the Greeks, to help cure a plague that was ravaging Persian troops. This story, now considered to be a piece of biographical fiction, became a popular legend in antiquity and was cited by Plutarch, Galen and Stobacus. Hippocrates refusal to help can be interpreted either as a patriotic act or, in line with his association with the Hippocratic Oath, a detachment from material gain and reward. From an oil painting by Anne-Louis Girodet.
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