PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Chimpanzee. Simia troglodites. The genus Simia had been created in 1758 by Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), with his standard author abbreviation of 'Linn' shown here. The chimpanzee was given the species name troglodytes in 1776 by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach. Lorenz Oken moved the chimpanzee to the new genus Pan in 1816, and the genus name Simia has been suppressed. This copperplate engraving is from a volume of 'Die Saeugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen' (The mammals in accordance with illustrations of nature with descriptions) by German naturalist Johan von Schreber (1739-1810). This 64-volume work, often known as 'Schreber's Fantastic Beasts', was published between 1774 and 1804.
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