PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Chimpanzee. Simia pygmaeus. This is a reprint of the illustration made by British anatomist Edward Tyson (1651-1708) who dissected a chimpanzee and reported its anatomy in 'Anatomy of a Pygmie' (1698). Tyson came to the conclusion that the chimpanzee had more in common with man than with monkeys. The genus Simia was later created in 1758 by Carl Linnaeus, with the species name troglodytes given in 1776 by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach. Lorenz Oken moved the chimpanzee to the new genus Pan in 1816, and the genus name Simia has been suppressed. This copperplate engraving is from a volume of 'Die Saeugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen' (The mammals in accordance with illustrations of nature with descriptions) by German naturalist Johan von Schreber (1739-1810). This 64-volume work, often known as 'Schreber's Fantastic Beasts', was published between 1774 and 1804.
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