PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Phoenix, 'Hortus Sanitatis' (1491). Woodblock illustration of a Phoenix in her nest of fire from Ortus (Hortus) Sanitatis, translated from the Latin as 'Garden of Health'. The Hortus was the first printed natural history encyclopaedia and was published by Jacob Meydenbach in Mainz, Germany in 1491. He describes plants and animals (both real and mythical) together with minerals and various trades, with their medicinal value and method of preparation.
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