PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Caricature of Charles Darwin. British naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) proposed the theory of evolution with natural selection as mechanism by which evolution took place. His theory was published in 'On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection' (1859). It caused a storm of controversy with Christian orthodoxy, as it contradicted the widely accepted belief that different animal and plant species were created by a divine creator (God). This cartoon by Frederick Waddy is from his 'Cartoon portraits and biographical sketches of men of the day' (1873).
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