PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Singe D'Angola. Engraver: J.V. Shley for Histoire generale des voyages. Volume 6. Anne-Gabriel Meusnier de Querlon et al. Typical of the confusion that existed over the great apes in the 18th century, here a picture borrowed from the first engraving of an orangutan by Tulp 1641 in his Observationes Medicae is confused with a chimpanzee given to Frederic Prince of Orange from Angola. The first accurate representation of chimpanzees was from Tysons 1699 anatomical study which was confusingly titled "Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris".
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