PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
William Dampier, naturalist, explorer and buccaneer (August 1651 - March 1715). A posthumous 1787 Copperplate engraving by Charles Sherwin after the 1698 painting by T. Murray. Later hand colouring. On the engraving, Dampier holds his book "Dampiers Voyages" (A New Voyage Round the World" 1697). Dampier was famously described as "a pirate of exquisite mind" and became a fashionable friend of the Royal Society after his accounts of his explorations were published. As a sailor and Buccaneer he was the first man to go three times around the world - under the pirate Captains; Sharp, Swan, Davis and Cooke. He took careful notes of the natural history he saw, becoming the first man to describe many features of Australia, New Guinea and Galapagos. Darwin much later referred to him as "dear old Dampier" being so familiar with his naturalistic accounts.
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