PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Large and Small Elephant Hawk moths (Deilephila elpenor and D. porcellus) Plate VII in the first edition of the Aurelian by Moses Harris. Westwood by the laid paper of the 18th Century here visible in texture). The name Aurelian derives from the golden chrysalis or pupae of nymphalid butterflies like the tortoiseshell. A London society of lepidopterists of that name was founded in 1762 and Harris paid tribute in his title. His book is the highlight of published entomological literature and art of the 18th Century. Harris also took a roll in coining common names for the large hawk moths and some of the butterflies he illustrated. His attention to capture the lifecycle and foodplant of each harks back to Maria Sybella Merians works in the previous century.
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