PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PAUL D STEWART / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Copperplate engraving with contemporary hand colouring from "The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America" by John James Audubon and John Bachman, originally published in three volumes (1845-1848). The Hare Indian dog is an extinct domestic canid; possibly a coydog (fertile coyote dog mix), or possibly even a domesticated coyote. It was found in northern Canada and used by the Hare Indians for coursing because it was fast and agile like a coyote. Its temperament however was that of a domestic dog. It went extinct or disappeared through genetic introgression with other breeds of dogs in the 19th century. Interestingly old Russian experiments to domesticate red foxes turn up similar fur patterns as the Hare dog displayed and it is thought to be an early pleiotropic effect of selecting canids for tameness and the hormones that mediate that trait.
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